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Roulette Terminology

Roulette Terminology

You might be here because you’re ready to improve your Roulette know-how and go beyond the basics. Knowing the right terminology for the game is a good place to start, so that learning more advanced concepts becomes more natural. Whether you love French/European or American Roulette, our SuperLenny experts have compiled an extensive Roulette wordlist you can get familiar with. This way, you’ll not only be able to follow what’s happening but advance your gameplay to the next level.

Roulette is a great casino attraction because it can make a lot of money for those who step up to the wheel. Moreover, it’s seemingly easy to just pick numbers and let the wheel do the work. However, it’s more of a science because betting on a single number isn’t the only way to win in Roulette. So let’s talk about the A to Z: Roulette variations, different types of Roulette bets and a dozen more Roulette terms you need to know.

European Roulette vs American Roulette

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One of the bigger differences between American and European Roulette is that in the American version, the wheel has 38 pockets. So, the numbers go from one to 36, but include both the single zero and double zero. This extra pocket is also why American Roulette has a bigger house edge than its European counterpart. You’ll find American Roulette most commonly played in the North, Central and South American regions – This also includes online casinos licensed in these areas.

Meanwhile, European Roulette is the original version of the game and the one you’ll likely play in European and Asian-based casinos. The European Roulette wheel has just one single zero and 37 pockets, which favorably lowers the house edge. This of course means that your odds of winning at European Roulette are actually higher than those of American Roulette. You can play an exciting online version of European Roulette, powered by Play’n Go here at SuperLenny casino.

The Roulette Game Setup

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At the Roulette table, you’ll have a Croupier or Dealer to oversee everything. The wheel is single-zero (“0”) if it’s European or double-zero (“00”) if American. In land-based casinos, Roulette players have often taken advantage of Biased Wheels and Numbers where different numbers proved to have different odds of winning long-term. Then, there’s a number layout which is where players place their bets using Wheel Checks – chips which are specifically for Roulette and kept in a Check Rack.

The ball spins on the Backtrack – the wheel’s exterior, then glides down the Bottom Track – the immobile inner area. Going onto the wheel head before landing on one of 37 or 38 areas called “Pockets.” Half of these are red, half are black, and zeros are green. Players usually consider the casino’s house edge, or mathematical advantage. In other words, which percentage of the bet the casino keeps, on average (2.7% on single zero Roulette and 5.26% on double zero Roulette).

The Various Types of Roulette Betting

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Bet Straight Up (En Plein) on a single number, paying 35:1, or combination bets of two or more numbers. You can make Low Bets on numbers up to 18, or High Bets from 19 upwards. Red or Black Bets cover all red or black numbers at 1:1 odds. Make a Split bet (Cheval) on two adjacent numbers, paying 17:1 by placing chips on their intersection. A Six Line (Sixainne) covers two rows of numbers (6 total) at 5:1 odds.

Meanwhile, a Trio/Street Bet (French: Transversale) is on a row of three, by placing chips on the row’s edge – it pays 11:1. Dozen Bets are on 3 groups of 12: 1-12, 13-24 and 25-36 and pay 2:1. Then, 2:1 Column Bets (French: Colonne) cover three columns – each consisting of 12 numbers. Finally, a Corner Bet (Carre) is a single bet on one of four numbers on the layout corner. French betting is several simultaneous bets covering all numbers in each wheel section.

Inside Bets and Outside Bets

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You can make an inside bet from the inner section of the Roulette layout, which covers only single numbers and small groups. Inside bets pay high odds in comparison to outside bets. Outside bets are those you make on the outer part of the Roulette layout, which inversely cover larger sections of the Roulette wheel numbers and pay lower odds. The majority are even money bets (paying 1:1) like red or black bets and odd or even bets.

Neighbour Bets and More Roulette Rules

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Voisins du Zero are group bets on numbers neighboring zero. Orphelins (French) are bets on certain neighbours groups and Orphans are made on 3 numbers: 6, 34 and 17 – which are actually wheel neighbours (Tiers Du Cylindre). En Prison (French) literally means “in prison” – a rule that lets you recover half even-money bets or leave them “imprisoned” until the next spin if you get a zero. Similarly, in La Partage, you lose half the low odd bets (Red/Black, for example), but without “imprisonment”.

Roulette Table Rules and Etiquette

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When betting, you would usually have Announced Bets, where you say a bet and place chips to cover it. Sometimes Call Bets are allowed, where you can say a bet aloud without placing chips on the table. To mark the winning number after each spin, the croupier will use a Marker. You shouldn’t place any new bets until this Marker has been removed. If the croupier calls no action during a spin, all bets get cancelled and the action starts from scratch.

Common Roulette Strategies

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Some Roulette Strategies make use of Block Betting, which is essentially group betting on the numbers on one section of the wheel. Some players use Visual Wheel Tracking to follow the ball with their eyes and correctly predict where it lands. Others ditch their own agenda and follow a Chameleon Strategy – copying the strategy of the more successful players at the table. Hopefully, you can use this Roulette wordlist to start forming a great winning strategy of your own.


Roulette Terminology
Author: Lenny
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